- n.1) (Kanner's syndrome, infantile autism) a psychiatric disorder of childhood, with an onset before the age of 2½ years. It is marked by severe difficulties in communicating and forming relationships with other people, in developing language, and in using abstract concepts; repetitive and limited patterns of behaviour (see stereotypy); and obsessive resistance to tiny changes in familiar surroundings. Autistic children find it hard to understand how other people feel, and so tend to remain isolated even into adult life. About 50% have learning disabilities, but some are very intelligent and may even be gifted in specific areas. The cause is unknown, but genetic factors and brain damage may be important. The condition often progresses into adulthood, and independent living is uncommon. Treatment is not specific, but lengthy specialized education is usually necessary. Behaviour problems and anxiety can be controlled with behaviour therapy and drugs (such as phenothiazines).2) the condition of retreating from realistic thinking to self-centred fantasy thinking: a symptom of personality disorder and schizophrenia.Derivatives:autistic adj.
The new mediacal dictionary. 2014.
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autism — AUTÍSM s.n. Stare patologică manifestată prin ruperea legăturilor psihice cu lumea exterioară şi intensa trăire a vieţii interioare. [pr.: a u ] – Din fr. autisme. Trimis de ana zecheru, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98 autísm s. n. (sil. a u ) Trimis … Dicționar Român
autism — n. 1. (Med.) a mental disorder characterized by inability to engage in normal social interactions and intense self absorption, and usually accompanied by other symptoms such as language dysfunctions and repetitive behavior. Note: autism usually… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
autism — (n.) 1912, from Ger. Autismus, coined 1912 by Swiss psychiatrist Paul Bleuler (1857 1939) from comb. form of Gk. autos self (see AUTO (Cf. auto )) + ismos suffix of action or of state. The notion is of morbid self absorption … Etymology dictionary
autism — ► NOUN ▪ a mental condition characterized by great difficulty in communicating with others and in using language and abstract concepts. DERIVATIVES autistic adjective & noun. ORIGIN from Greek autos self … English terms dictionary
autism — ☆ autism [ô′tiz΄əm ] n. [ AUT(O) + ISM] Psychol. a developmental disorder characterized variously by impaired social interaction, difficulties in communicating, problems with seeing and hearing, repetitive behavior, etc. autistic [ô tis′tik] adj … English World dictionary
Autism — This article is about the classic autistic disorder; some writers use the word autism when referring to the range of disorders on the autism spectrum or to the various pervasive developmental disorders. Autism … Wikipedia
Autism — This term refers to either a symptom of schizophrenia or, more commonly, a developmental disorder in children beginning in the first 3 years of life. In children, the brain disability involves a qualitative impairment in social interaction,… … Historical dictionary of Psychiatry
Autism — A spectrum of neuropsychiatric disorders characterized by deficits in social interaction and communication, and unusual and repetitive behavior. Some, but not all, people with autism are non verbal. Autism is normally diagnosed before age six and … Medical dictionary
autism — autist, n. autistic /aw tis tik/, adj. autistically, adv. /aw tiz euhm/, n. 1. Psychiatry. a pervasive developmental disorder of children, characterized by impaired communication, excessive rigidity, and emotional detachment. 2. a tendency to… … Universalium
autism — [[t]ɔ͟ːtɪzəm[/t]] N UNCOUNT Autism is a severe mental disorder that affects children and makes them unable to respond to other people … English dictionary